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It has always struck me as strange that LinkedIn, which was created as a business to business social network specifically designed for networking, had such appalling company pages.

Whilst social networks primarily targeting those people wanting to chat with their friends have pretty good company pages and attract the social media managers of varying companies, LinkedIn started to attract the recruiters and becoming more of a job board, which is disappointing when it has so much more potential.

It appears that LinkedIn have finally realised the error of their ways and are in the process of launching their new and improved company pages. Continue Reading

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Hilarity and joy, festooned with SEO fun and frivolity. Hmm, I may have scuppered myself somewhat during a moment of overselling there, but here’s my mission statement:

On the final Friday of each month I shall attempt to bring a smile to the faces of everyone on planet Earth (not learning from the opening sentence, am I?), even those who have been Pandenguined, accidentally deleted their Googlebase feed, or spilt coffee on their keyboard, short circuiting the delete key while logged into their FTP software at the same time as accidentally knocking their backup drive out of a 50th storey window. Continue Reading


I believe the Daleks developed Google as part of an intergalactic experiment to prove to the rest of the technologically advanced species of the known macrocosm that they have a point.

When they shout, “Exterminate!” in our general direction, they do so for good reason.

This might sound like the talk of a man who is ten tubs of mental. Not so. I am sane (ish). I have proof. Continue Reading


One of the things I absolutely love about digital marketing is the ever-changing face of things. Being kept on my toes and having to do a complete 180 at least once a month is a challenge I enjoy and thrive on.

One area which has piqued my interest recently is how technology is progressing at a rate that is going to completely annihilate everything we think we know about search over the next few years. We’re going to be fed into a new world of search with tech loaded clothing, tablets and Google following us everywhere we go! Continue Reading


Google take their next step towards integrating search with social by ensuring businesses get a social visit via local results.

For several years Google have been integrating Google Maps results into their search results, this has given users searching for businesses in a certain locale more relevant results and businesses in that locale a more prominent position in results. When users clicked on a business they would be taken to their Google Places page, a page which held brief information about the business, some photo’s, reviews and a link to their website. Continue Reading


Over recent months, even years, it’s become more and more evident that search as we know it is changing. The growth and popularity of social media and location information (via GPS & IP address) means that the search engines can tailor search results to an individual, meaning that people are starting to see completely different search results than the person sitting next to them at work. In the past few weeks, both Google and Facebook have announced new social features, which just reinforces our belief that a new age of search is coming.

Google Goes Social

In the past few weeks, we have seen a big change in Google, this started with a change to the look of search results and the appearance of a black bar across the top. The filter options down the side have been given some colour, and even when signed out with personalization turned off information such as location is logged and search results adjusted accordingly.

These changes are all part of Google’s latest, and most promising, attempt at social media. Google+ is still in it’s early days, with limited user capacity, but the sounds coming from Google+ is positive, with people really liking the interface and usability. So far this is looking to be Google’s most successful attempt at social media, and one that is likely to stick.

There are a number of aspects of Google+ which show that Google have been paying attention to how people use other social media and what they’ve been unhappy with. One of the most widely hailed success stories so far has been ‘Circles’. Google have realised that people don’t necessarily want to share every part of their life with everyone they know, so when you add a new person to your friends you will be asked to categorise them into a circle, this will mean that with a circle for family and one for colleagues you can choose to share something personal with your family but your colleagues won’t see this update. Yes, Facebook have lists, and yes if you go through the effort of clicking through you can choose a list to view your status update, but it’s clunky, a lot of effort, and a lot of users just don’t know how to do it! In Google+ Circles this process is quick and simple, and everyone likes quick and simple! If you see something on any Google site you want to share with one of your circle’s you just need to look to the new black toolbar and voila it is shared.

The next feature of Google+ is ‘Sparks’ which searches the internet and pulls in elements it believes you will be interested in based on what you add to the search bar. This is a feature which is lacking at the moment, but we believe that as more users join Google+ and Google collect more information on different people and their interests, the results will become more relevant. There is also a ‘Featured Interests’ section where you can see what other people are using sparks for.

‘Huddle’ is a group messaging tool which will work across Android, iPhone & SMS. It uses your circles and means that a group of people can be part of the same instant conversation as it unfolds. Closely related are ‘Hangouts’, the best way to describe these are as the new age of forums. You can log on and make yourself available for a video chat in a huddle, friends will see you are available and can come and go as they please with up to ten people at a time in one huddle. This eliminates some of the issues with Skype where people can’t or don’t want to talk as everyone in a huddle chooses to be there.

Once a user has activated their Google+ profile their standard Google profile will be removed so that Google+ is the central point for all things Google, there are also some pretty nice features associated with the profile. Those with the android app can auto upload photos from their phone! The profile will also show all of the +1 content the user has chosen.

What is +1

Google +1 is Google’s version of a ‘Like’ button. When logged into Google, any search you do will have a +1 image next to the title tag. By clicking on this you are doing several things:

  • bookmarking this site for future use (available in your Google+ profile)
  • telling other friends that you like something as your profile image will appear in their search results as having +1′d this site
  • feeding information into Google and the owner of that site about who likes it and how they use it!

and once you’ve +1′d a listing:

The +1 button can also be added to websites so users can click on a page whilst in the site. The advantage to website owners for adding the button is that they can access an activity report in Webmaster Tools which shows how many times pages have been +1′d from site links and search links. They are also able to access an audience report which provides demographic information.

Social Plugin Tracking in Google Analytics

Google haven’t stopped at  Google+ and their +1 button though! They have also introduced social plugin tracking for Google Analytics, this will track all social media activity from Tweets to Facebook Share’s to Google +1 clicks. By adding a bit of javascript into your site you can access a Social Engagement Report which will breakdown site behaviour for all social visitors. This means that you can see if people who use the social interaction buttons, spend longer on the site and which pages they visit and share.

This gives website owners, new considerations. They may have pages which are ‘hot’ for a few days or weeks because they are topical, or there is an e-newsletter sent out etc. But there may also be pages which are consistently ‘liked’ over a long period of time, which will give website owners the opportunity to optimise content which is valuable to their target audience.

There are some pros and cons to the tracking though; Analytics will only report on +1 interactions which occur on your website domain. Whereas the activity report in Webmaster Tools will show all +1 interactions regardless of where on the web they happened. However, Analytics is updated more frequently than Webmaster Tools which also means that the two will rarely tally up!

Google acquired Post Rank?

That’s right, Google have acquired the company who, to date, have the best methods of aggregating social engagement information. This is going to mean that as well as all the new information Google will acquire from Google+ and +1 they will also acquire all of this social information PostRank have acquired over time. This said, the services offered by Post Rank are impressive and definitely worth considering. Some of the highlights are:

  • real time tracking of where your visitors have come from, how they came to you, and what they’ve done on your site.
  • measuring of actual user activity, this will translate into the relevance and influence of your site - off-site engagement can account for 80% of the attention your content receives!
  • finds the influencers for your brand
  • benchmarks your competition
  • tracks your engagement points
  • top posts widget for blogs, meaning your most popular content is always easily available

Finally, now combined Post Rank and Google Reader enables ability to score, filter, and track the performance of your RSS feeds.

Google Offers

Set to compete with flailing group offer site Groupon, Google Offers will give companies the opportunity to get a specific offer out to potential customers who fit into their designated demographic. These customers will buy directly from Google in advance meaning that the company presenting the offers will receive a one-off payment from Google once the payment’s have gone through.

The staff at Google Offers will be advertising specialists who will be able to help in the ad and offer creation meaning that the company wanting to create the offer will have support right the way through the process.

Authorship Markup

Rel Author is a form of content tagging which enables you to tag content to highlight the author. This enables Google to distribute weight appropriate weight based on who the author is and how popular they are. This authorship markup will also link into the author’s Google+ profile so that a list of all the content they have written will be available from their profile. Pete Wailes summarised the process as “integrating Google+ and the authorship of the net”.

Facebook Edge Rank

Finally, the whole world doesn’t revolve around Google, although they would like to think it does. Facebook have been pretty busy themselves. They recently announced their partnership with Skype which will allow video calls from within the site. However, there has been a lot of talk about Edge Rank, what it is and how it works. Basically it’s what Facebook uses to ensure that what appears in the News Feed is relevant to each user.

If the News Feed wasn’t filtered it would be completely unmanageable so Facebook created a formula which takes into account three ‘edges’ each one of these edges is a component which is then fed into the formula. The components which make up each ‘edge’ are:

  • Affinity Score – between the user and the status creator, how much interaction is there between you, how often do you visit each other’s profile’s, comment on each other’s wall etc.
  • Type of Edge – Different types of activity have a different amount of weight, so a status update may be worth more than merely pressing a like button
  • Time – The older the edge the less important it is
What it comes down to is that new feed objects are more likely to show for people you interact with regularly, this means that companies need to be actually interacting with their followers and producing relevant content. Getting people to ‘Like’ their page and hammering out sales blurb isn’t going to be enough.
Join the discussion?
In summary, social is the next big thing, SEO is becoming more influenced by what is happening in the social landscape. It is not enough to have the right keyphrases and content anymore. As SEO’s we have to become more socially minded and truly understand the direction the internet is taking, and embrace it! Companies need to take the time to answer customer’s queries, respond to their questions, encourage discussion, and not just set up Twitter and Facebook pages as token gestures. It’s time to ‘Join The Discussion’

We speak to a lot of Clients who don’t realise that it is extremely important for their site navigation, (commonly referred to as internal links or information architecture) to be extremely well considered so that the right pages get indexed easily and regularly by the search engine spiders. Connected to the site architecture is the preference that no one page contains more than 100 links, this keeps the quality score assigned to each link at a respectable level and helps the spiders move through the site properly.

Crawl Priority

To start, it helps to understand how the spiders prioritise the pages, and then crawl the site.

Spiders will visit popular pages more often, popular pages are defined by the number of back-links and the site architecture should correlate with this. For example:

  • Your homepage, and chosen landing pages, should be the most popular with the most back-links
  • First and second level category pages should be fairly popular but containing less back-links than the homepage
  • At the bottom of the priority are the deepest pages, these will be pages such as news pages, product pages, service price lists etc

The spiders will enter the site via a landing page, this doesn’t need to be the homepage, they will then follow links through each page looking to index the whole site. They don’t like being sent in circles and they don’t like feeling lost in too many links, so it’s important that your site architecture makes it as easy as possible for the spiders to do their job, whilst getting all the pages which need indexing, indexed. Ideally you want the spiders to be able to index everything within three clicks of arriving on the site, regardless if that is your homepage or your deepest category page.

XML Site Maps

XML site maps are seen as the quick fix for architecture issues, and this is what they are. They do not resolve problems in the site architecture and internal navigation, they merely hide the problems so that you are unaware of them.

In an ideal world, you would not add an XML site map until you know the website architecture is sound and secure and most importantly indexing on it’s own. Below are some basic architecture tips to get you started.

Keep Architecture Flat

You want to keep your architecture as flat and easy to navigate as possible, whilst retaining the three click rule (if a spider lands on one of your deeper pages, can they reach the other pages within three links?)

In a brand new website the following structure is a common one used with the 100 links per page being the absolute maximum you should have on each page.

At the top: Homepage with no more than 100 links per page
First Level: Categories – no more than 100 pages (each page has no more than 100 links)
Second Level: Sub-Categories – no more than 10,000 (each page has no more than 100 links)
At the bottom: Detail/Products – no more than 1,000,000 pages

Index and rankings are determined by how much authority each page has, the higher the domain authority of your site the more links you can realistically get away with including on each page. As a rough guide, if your website already holds some domain authority (DA) you can increase the links on each page as follows:

DA 7-10 = 250 links
DA 5-7 = 175 links
DA 3-5 = 125 links
DA 0-3 = 100 links

So, the smaller the number of links the spiders have to follow to index the whole site, the happier they are and the more weight each page will hold.

Faceted Navigation

This is a common and useful aspect of ecommerce sites, which allows you to pick facets of a product which are important to you. For example, you could pick the category of T-Shirts, pick the colour black, and the size Medium, the results you are shown then directly correspond with what you specifically want. In essence the website has ignored anything which doesn’t contain the facets you have chosen.

Setting up faceted navigation can be tricky, and you need to keep in mind that the primary facet pages won’t rank, you want the deeper facet pages to rank as these are the one’s that will help the spiders discover all of the product pages.

When setting up faceted navigation, some of the things to keep in mind are:


You must have a unique URL for each facet level. The URL’s should be clear and not complicated and hard to follow:

Clear URL:
Unclear URL:

You also want to ensure that whatever route somebody takes to reach this facet level the same URL is shown so for example:

Somebody clicks on Tshirts, then Medium, then Black the URL they end up on should still be and not which would result in you creating unnecessary duplicate content issues!

Adding & Removing Facets

You should make it easy for your customers to add or remove additional facets as they see fit.

As they add facets to their search these should be displayed as follows so that any or all facets can be removed by the user:

Tshirts [remove]
black [remove]
medium [remove]

So that they can easily choose which facets can be automatically generated from the results meta data so it is easy for you to display the number of results within that facet, for example:

Blue [35]
Green [23]
Yellow [1]

No Index

Any pages which could be considered as duplicate content should be no-indexed, the spiders will still visit these pages but they won’t index them. To keep a page out of the index you want to add some code to the page as follows:

<meta name = “robots” content = “noindex”> – This will make the page no index
<link rel = “canonical” href = “”> – This will take the spiders back to the correct page.

Filtering & Pagination

Another common aspect of ecommerce sites is filtering results. This is where you can choose a filter which will sort the products in a certain way, for example only showing 10 items per page (creating pagination or multiple pages), or showing lowest priced items first.

The ideal way to deal with pagination in category results is to programme the page to show all results rather than writing each page of results as page 1, page 2, etc.

Once the main category page has been created you can then use javascript to create the pagination. Search engine spiders don’t follow javascript so you don’t risk duplicate content from having multiple pages under each content, but all of the products are indexed.

Plan, Plan, and Plan Again

Don’t under-value the benefit of properly planning your website. Most of our examples have referred to ecommerce sites, but the same principal applies to brochure sites. Plan to succeed and your website will be a spider’s navigational dream and you will be rewarded with good search results and no duplicate content issues.

In summary, the number one rule for you to keep in mind when you are planning your navigation is that you want as few pages as possible to be indexed, whilst allowing for each and every product page to be indexed.


People are always interested to know how many more clicks they are likely to receive if they appear at position 1 of the search engine results pages for their chosen key-phrases. There are many different studies and statistics available about organic click-through rates on the internet, many of which are contradictory. This report details findings from some of the more well known studies and how much you can actually learn from them.

Study 1

Below is a chart detailing the data from the famous AOL data leak in 2006. Although old, this data is still often quoted as gospel.

2006 AOL Data Leak Chart

Study 2

This study was conducted by Neil Walker, a UK based SEO expert. Some Blog posts suggest Walker’s study is based on Webmaster Tools data across 2700 keywords. Walker himself claims that the data comes from a study of Webmaster Tools in 2010, the AOL data of 2006 and an eye tracking study conducted in 2004.

Organic Click Through Rate Study 2

Study 3

Another well known study conducted in 2010 was by Chitika, a data analytics company in the business of advertising. For their study, they looked at a sample of traffic coming into their advertising network from Google and broke it down by Google results placement.
Traffic by Google Result - Study 3

What can we actually learn from this?

Well, it is clear that if you are at position 1 in the search engine results pages, you are very likely to receive substantially more clicks. However, there are always exceptions to this rule.

A famous example:

For a long time, if you searched for ‘mail’ on Google, Gmail would come up at position 1 and Yahoo would come up at position 2. Still, Yahoo received in excess of 50% of the click-throughs. Studies indicated that this was because people searching for ‘mail’ were looking to login to their Yahoo mail account.

This example illustrates that if people are looking for something specific, they will not always click on position 1 if it doesn’t seem to offer what they are looking for. Another example is Wikipedia: they are often displayed in high positions for a wide range of phrases, but won’t always receive a high click-through rate because people aren’t always looking for general information.

In summary, at position 1 of the search engine results pages you are extremely likely to receive the most clicks, but exactly how many more than the lower positions is impossible to say. However, the figures in the studies detailed above can give a good indicator of what to expect. Search engine results positions and click-through rates will always be dependant on high quality SEO, your choice of key-phrases, and the area of business in which you operate.

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